HARD HATS-Hard Hats will be worn through all phases of construction. Hard hats will be worn with the bill forward.
CLOTHING-Loose fitting clothing, garments, shirt tails or floppy sleeves will be contained. No dangling jewelry will be worn. Tank tops, low cut shirts or sleeveless shirts are NOT permitted. Shirts will have a minimum of a 4 inch sleeve. Long pants (no shorts) will be worn.
FOOTWEAR- Substantial leather footwear will be worn, preferably full height boots, Shoes resembling gym shoes will not be permitted.
HEARING-Hearing protection will be required whenever using equipment such as air tools, grinders, chippers, power actuated tools, etc. The site will be monitored and when decibel levels exceed 80 dba, the Contractor must begin to enforce a rigid hearing protection program.
EYE AND FACE-Eye and face protection is required whenever working in dusty conditions, using high pressure air or using equipment or material that could damage your eyes. Examples of these are overhead drilling or cutting, chipping, welding, burning mixing or working with cleaners, grinding, etc. Whenever working with bell or disk grinders, abrasive cutting disks or band saws, a full face shield will be added to safety glasses. Eye and face protection must be applicable ANSI requirements.
RESPIRATORS-Respirators may be required. If respirators are needed, or if you feel that you may benefit from use (dusty air), speak with your foreman about it, If work is to be dine in an area where respirators are required, the employee must receive special training in the use and care of the respirator.
FALL PROTECTION-See "Work on Elevated Surfaces" in this section.
HAIR-Hair which falls below the nape of the neck must be put up under the hard hat or contained in a hair net. Pony tails are not considered proper containment of long hair.
Any time employees are working on elevated surface, next to floor or wall openings or on roofs, the possibility of injury from a fall does exist. Each situation must be elevated to by the competent person to determine what type of fall protection should be used. Many types of fall protection do exist; static lines, rope grab, guard rails and cables, lanyards, harnesses, retractable lines. Each device has a specific purpose and use.
All methods of fall protection must comply with OSHA minimum requirements. C.R. Leonard requires that in most situations, when personal fall protection is required, safety harnesses with shock absorbing lanyards attached will be used. There are times when the limited use of safety harnesses with standard lanyards or rebar chain assemblies is acceptable. They will be used only as expressly permitted by the Project Superintendent and C.R. Leonard Safety Department.
Only ANSI approved and labeled protection equipment will be used.
Equipment will be used for its intended purpose only.
safety harnesses are to be used for positioning or for fall protection when the potential for a fall exists, shock absorbing lanyard are used when a fall from a elevation is possible, and other lanyards are for positioning only.
All attachments will be made as high as possible and to a substantial structural member capable of supporting 5000 pounds for each person attached. Perimeter cables and guard rail systems are not to be used as attachment points for fall protection.
All attachments will be made to the "D" ring on the harness. Knots are not appropriate methods of attachment. Do not leave knots in the lanyard when making your connection.
All equipment will be inspected daily by the employee for signs of wear. Any wear which may comprise the integrity of the equipment will be noted and new equipment will be noted and new equipment will be issued. The site foreman will inspect all fall protection devices periodically.
If a fall does occur, inform the foreman of the incident. Any equipment that is subject to the forces of the fall must be removed from service and returned to the Safety Coordinator.
If any time an employee feels unsure about a work situation that could expose them to a fall, they must discuss it with a foreman. If appropriate, additional fall protection equipment and training will be provided.
Contractors who's work necessitates the use of either "Controlled Access Zones" or "Fall Protection Plan" as defined by 29 CFR 1926.502 are required to submit for review, those programs and plans to C.R. Leonard in advance of beginning work and are subject to approval by the Corporate Safety Supervisor.
Effective housekeeping is not generally an assigned task, but should be considered part of each employee's responsibility. Keeping the work site clean not only produces a safer job site, but a better place to come to work each day. It is each employee's responsibility to keep their work area in order, cleaning up during and after each day's work is complete.
Glass bottles are not permitted on job site.
Each contractor is responsible to provide manpower to remove trash and debris from the building in a timely manner. If debris is not removed on a timely bases, after appropriate warning, the project superintendent may provide people to remove debris. Subcontractors for whom this service is provided will be responsible for all costs incurred.
Whenever work is to be done on any equipment, it is important to protect yourself and others in the area from injury due to accidental start-up or movement of equipment. Each contractor shall submit a Lock-Out/Tag-out program that shall address at a minimum the following points:
Do not perform repairs on or remove guards while equipment is operating or power is connected to it.
All power must be disconnected, stored energy removed, hydraulic and air pressure lines bled, and any switches, breakers, and valves locked and tagged.
If you are not in complete control of all sources of energy, the equipment must be locked out.
For more information on locking out equipment, read the Lock-out/Tag-out Program in the C.R. Leonard Safety and Health Program.
Fire extinguishers are available on site for general use and are usually located at entrances and stairwells. Where burning or welding is being done or where flammable gasses and liquids are stored or used, the subcontractor will provide fire protection and fire extinguishers for their work. Do not place material in front of or otherwise blocked extinguishers from view.
If a C.R. Leonard provided fire extinguisher is used, return it immediately to the project trailer and replace it with a fresh one.
Whenever burning or welding, a fire extinguisher must be closed to the work and fire watch present (REF OSHA)
Observe all NO SMOKING and/or NO OPEN FLAME signs.
Emergency phone numbers should be posted wherever a telephone is located.
Compressed gas cylinders shall be secured in an upright position at all times.
When transporting, moving or when cylinders are stored, they must have valve caps in place and tightly secured. Do not lift cylinders with magnets or by the cap. Transportation of cylinders shall be done only in an approved cart.
Do not allow electrical cords pr temporary power cords to come close to or be in contact with cylinders. Keep cylinders away from sparks, flames or other sources of heat or ignition.
Oxygen cylinders in storage shall be separated from fuel gasses by 20 feet or by a 5 foot high half-hour rated fire wall. They shall be stored in a well ventilated area outside of enclosed structures.
If cylinders are in a cart and are not being used for more than one day they must be separated and put into storage.
Signs indicating what gases are being stored and "NO SMOKING" will be prominently displayed. Do not smoke within 20 feet of a compressed gas cylinder storage area.
All personnel using gas welding or burning equipment will be fully trained in the use and maintenance of the equipment.
A 10 pound dry chemical ABC fire extinguisher must be within 20 feet of any burning or welding operation. Know how to use the extinguisher.
To be sure that there is no sign of damage, inspect all hoses, torch heads, cylinders and regulators before connecting.
Do not use compressed gas to clean yourself or your clothing.
Keep oil and grease off and away from all welding equipment.
When burning is complete, disassemble all equipment and store in a clean dry place.
When burning, welding, brazing, soldering or any other hot work is done within an occupied structure, a permit must be issued by the C.R. Leonard Superintendent and a fire watch provided. When conditions require, a permit may also be required at other times.
Flammable liquids will not be stored within closed structures, i.e.: buildings under construction, storage trailers or tool sheds.
Flammable liquids will be stored in and dispensed from containers carrying a FM approval or UL listing. They must be made of metal, have a self closing lid and a wire mesh flame arrester.
If the can is damaged in any way, return it to the tool trailer for disposal.
In compliance with the Hazard Communications Standard, all containers will be clearly marked showing the contents, flammability, reactivity, health hazard level and any special use or handling requirements.
Never store flammable or combustible materials in stairways, or near building exits/entrances.
When refueling engines, shut down the engine and wait for the engine to cool down before fueling.
When lifting material, lift with your legs not with your back. If the material is heavy or awkward (hard to hold on to), get help from someone.
When lifting heavy or awkward material or making repetitive lifts, where possible, use powered equipment.
Equipment used for moving or lifting material should never be used beyond it's capacity.
Watch your footing, particularly when moving material. When carrying, it is not always easy to see clearly what is in front of you. Check and clear your path before moving material.
Be sure that when stacking material, the piles are kept neat and orderly and that they are stacked in a manner so as to prevent the stacks from falling.
Inspect chains, slings and ropes daily. If they are found to be worn or damaged, return them to the foreman for disposal or repair.
Always use tag lines to guide loads being moved by crane.
Never ride in the back of a pickup trucks or equipment.
Sufficient orange "barricade" fencing must be installed to separate active construction areas or hazardous areas from active occupied work areas and to protect the public. The fence must be sufficiently supported with appropriate signs posted.
Where temporary protection is needed, fencing may be three foot high, supported by posts or stanchions.
All signs must be no less than 9 x 12 on plastic. They must conform with the requirements of 29 CFR 1926.200.
Signs and barricades must be removed immediately when no longer useful or required.
Work on adjacent to roadways must be protected in accordance with Illinois Statutes. IDOT Certified Flagger control must be provided in accordance with Illinois Revised Statutes Chapter 121, Par. 314.2.
Temporary Power must be protected by either a GFCI Breaker of GFCI Outlets.
The GFCIs will be tested quarterly by the electrical contractor and a record kept of the tests. The record of the test will be maintained by the electrical contractor, available to C.R. Leonard.
Open conductors will be protected In conduit or equivalent when within 8 feet of a walking surface.
All outlets will be marked indicating the number of the corresponding circuit breaker.
Temporary lighting will be hung by the hanger on the cage when provided.
Wire for lighting within stairwells will be protected by conduit wiring design.
Unprotected open conductors are not permitted.
The electrical contractor will proceed temporary lighting, in sufficient quantity, in all areas, and will maintain it thought the project to provide temporary light in each individual room.
Each contractor must have a person designated as the "Competent Person" (as defined by OSHA) to enforce compliance with all requirements and standards for scaffolding. The name of that person and their qualifications will be submitted to the C.R. Leonard Superintendent before work begins. No scaffold shall be erected, moved, dismantled, altered, or worked performed from any scaffold except under the supervision of that competent person. All scaffolds must be erected in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications and requirements.
All scaffolds shall be inspected prior to each day's use and whenever the subcontractor alters or repairs the scaffold. Documentation of all shall be copied to the C.R. Leonard Superintendent.
Personal fall arrest system shall be used when erecting, moving or dismantling the scaffold unless determined by the competent person that it is not feasible or would pose a greater hazard.
The determination not to use personal fall arrest systems when erecting, moving, or dismantling the scaffold must be documented and submitted to the superintendent prior to the erection process.
Scaffolds 4 feet or more in height, having a minimum horizontal dimension in either direction of less than 60 inches., shall have standard guardrails installed on all open sides and ends of the platform, outrigger stabilizers shall be installed, an access ladder or equivalent safe access shall be provided. The scaffold must be fully assembled with all components, and have the wheels in the locked position whenever anyone is on the scaffold.
All scaffolds must be complete with a fully decked work surface, complete guard rail system and be constructed without members or components missing.
Suspended scaffold- Full body harnesses are required for fall protection on suspended scaffold. Body belts are not appropriate. Scaffolds must be fully guard railed (top,mid-rail and toe board) with screening between the mid-rail and the toe-board. Scaffold users must barricade or flag and sign areas under their work or keep others from passing under.
Do not use cross-bracing as access scaffolding. Ladders must be used.
Straight ladders must be set up with a 4:1 slope and must be secure at the top. If there is damage to the ladder, tell the foreman immediately so it can be removed from service and replaced. Extend the top of the ladder 36 inched (minimum) above the landing.
Metal ladders are not permitted on site.
Stairways must be kept free of flammable materials and trash. Be sure that snow and ice are removed from outside stairs and platforms before using them.
Job-made ladders will be constructed with 2 x 6 side rails and 2 x 4 rungs. The rungs will be secure to the edge of the 2 x 6 rails with spacers and will not be cut into 2x 6 rails.
Stairs and platforms must be used to provide access to office, equipment and material storage trailers.
Whenever floor decks are six feet or more from the ground or a lower level, they must have a complete guard rail system. It must include a top rail, mid rail and toe board.
If the base of the wall opening or roof parapet is less than 39 inches from the floor, it must be protected by a guard rail.
It shall be the responsibility of all subcontractors to insure that holes created or altered by them will be covered to me C.R. Leonard's safety requirements and OSHA minimum requirements. All floor openings must have covers marked indicating that they are over a hole. For larger openings, be sure the cover is able to carry the weight of lifts or other equipment that may be used on the floor. All floor covers will be secured and marked.
If working on a elevated work surface (wall forms, column forms, etc.) Where guard rail systems are not possible or practical, safety belts, harnesses and lanyards with locking hooks must be used. When using a safety harness, be sure the lanyard is attached to the "D" ring at the middle of the back or to BOTH side "D" rings.
The swing radius of the crane must be flagged or otherwise guarded.
All loads must be tag-lined.
Never walk under a suspended load.
Only one person is to give hand signals to the crane operator
Watch the load line and the crane, If at any time either comes within twenty feet of any electrical service line, signal or otherwise notify the operator to move away.
All cranes must have current inspections performed by a competent person. Inspection of latus boom cranes must be performed by an inspector certified by the Department of Labor and must have been performed within the last year. If the inspection certificate expires while the crane is on site, it must be reinspected. Documentation of the inspection of the latus boom cranes must be submitted to C.R.Leonard before the crane is put into service.
A written site specific safety program (to include fall protection), appropriate to the project, will be submitted to the Project Superintendent one week prior to beginning work.
When special or unusual hazards will be encountered (i.e. Work over existing structures or water), the contractor will clearly address these issues in the "site specific safety program". They will review the procedures in advance with the Project Superintendent.
All fall protection equipment will meet the criteria set forth in 29 CFR 1926.502. Lanyards with locking hooks and shock absorbers, along with full body harnesses are required.
Multiple lifts of structural members is not permitted.
Minimally, when beams/girders are set, two nuts/bolts per connection will be wrench tight before the load is released by the crane.
Double connections: When two structural members of a column web share common connection holes, the to bolts used to connect the first member may not be removed for the connection of the second unless the first member is secured to a seat or similar device to support the first member so the column is always secured against displacement.
When installing perimeter cables, all end anchorages will be make with a minimum of three wire rope clamps terminated with an eye and loop, the wire rope shall be of 1/2" diameter that is free of broken or protruding wires and shall be installed 42" high from the finished floor elevation. A turn-buckle will be added for each run of cable to be used for further adjustment of the cable.
Durable flagging will be placed on perimeter cables by the cable installer at intervals not to exceed 6 feet.
Welders will use appropriate welder hoods, not tinted face shields.
All flammable and combustible material will be removed from around and under welding operations. If the material can not be removed, it will be protected with fire blanket.
Fire protection equipment and a fire watch will be provided to protect material and other workers as conditions require and as determined by the Project Superintendent.
If work is performed within or adjacent to occupied structures, the subcontractor will be required to make provisions for fire protection and the safe removal of all welding fumes from the building.
Containers shall be provided for storing or carrying rivets, bolts, and drift pins, and secured against accidental displacement when aloft.
On building or structures when scaffolds, lifts, hoists, temporary floors or permanent floors are used as work decks, fall protection shall be required in accordance with the appropriate OSHA regulations.
Ref. NFPA 30: 29 CFR 1926. 152
Request must be made in advance and approval given before fuel tanks are brought on site
All flammable storage tanks must be placed at ground level
Elevated gravity fed tanks are not permitted on site
Tank size will be under 1.100 gallons
Tanks must be securely placed and supported
Tanks must be DEEP-GROUNDED, connected by bare-braided flexible wire to an adequate ground rod. When transferring fuel, the two vessels must be bonded by the hose braiding or by an additional grounding cable.
Tanks must be DIKED with clay or bagged "clay" material
Hold open devices are not permitted on nozzles
Hoses must be in good repair and suitable for that use as determined by a nationally recognized testing agency.